In the last two years, IT security breaches have hit the White House, the State Department, the top federal intelligence agency, the largest American bank, the top hospital operator, energy companies, retailers and even the Postal Service. With the New Year upon us it seems fitting to take a moment and assess the state of the cyber challenges ahead and potential strategies to surmount them. I turned to Lockheed Martin’s Senior Fellow and Chief Strategist, Melvin Greer (M) to discuss the high level statistics every CISO should be considering.
Lockheed Martin Cyber Weekly
The “consumerization” of business technology is a relatively recent trend that continues to pick-up speed. Defined as the introduction of consumer technology within the corporate environment and for the use of work activities, the consumerization of business technology is best reflected in policies such as Bring Your Own Device (BYOD), which have become prevalent in most corporate environments.
As this trend continues to grow, the need to plan and deal with BYOD from the level of Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) and even Chief Information Officer (CIO) has been augmented to include home or personalized applications. Now, Bring Your Own Application (BYOA) is becoming a focal point in the IT security planning of many organizations.
These trends are natural. In many ways, our place of work is much like our home. We personalize our office spaces and socialize with our colleagues, and in recent years the corporate infrastructure has been changing to reflect this consumerization. BYOD and BYOA have become natural parts of the consumerization ecosystem, from the introduction of social media within organizations to improve collaboration to the migration toward cloud for business services—including an emphasis on accessible and consumer-like product and service tracking.
At the end of the day, all of these services and all of this consumer integration are focused around one greater need—the ability to provide end-users with mobility. Tech-agnostic computing, or the ability to work from any device at any time, is here today and not going away any time soon. So how should organizations react?
If your company is going to permit BYOD and BYOA, and allow teams of employees to integrate their own personal applications with corporate data, it becomes important to set expectations, produce procedures and rules, and explain those policies and regulations to your employees. This approach to protecting your enterprise must start with answering some basic questions:
- How do we detect when people are conducting nefarious activities?
- Do we have the proper monitoring currently on our network?
- Do I have the controls in place?
- Do my employees have proper authentication and application protection around BYOD?
These questions are important to answer before addressing the Mobile Device Management policies of your organization. Whether you have smartphones, tablets, or laptops in the workplace, you have an organized approach toward deploying, securing, monitoring, integrating and managing these mobile devices.
It’s also critical to answer these and other questions when addressing information management policies around the use and protection of intellectual property. This includes examining application security and control.
When these policies and procedures are established, it then becomes important to address user and device authentication. At this point, you begin to ask additional questions: How will a user authenticate on premise versus remotely? Can we track when they’re local versus remote? How will mobility impact the security?
Finally, data loss prevention becomes a crucial element in determining if sensitive data is on a mobile device. Once that capability is determined, you can begin to explore how to continue to protect it.
Mobility and the disruptive technologies fueling this trend, such as BYOD and BYOA, can be daunting from a CISO and CIO level. We know it’s here to stay. We also know that new mobile technologies continue to proliferate at alarming rates. Answering these seemingly basic “block and tackle” questions first can give your company a solid footing that will enable you to weather any BYOD or mobility-related storm.
Last week, we looked at the second of three oil and gas deep dives when we examined the role that operational technology and information technology play within this sector.
Specifically, we addressed the challenges in protecting IP in oil and gas since accessibility of data is such a crucial element within this industry. IP provides the competitive advantage that sets each company apart from others in a highly integrated industry. It also helps oil and gas companies better understand the current environment to deliver better future results.
The challenge with IP in the oil and gas sector is determining how to best keep the IP safe, yet accessible to those that need it. Industrial Defender and Lockheed Martin, its parent company, have approached this challenge by successfully combining the IT and OT landscapes. The result is a robust solution towards IT and OT security that includes people (e.g. training), the processes (e.g. policy and procedures) and the technology to address modern security challenges.
However, there’s more that the oil and gas industry can do to improve their cyber maturity and cyber capabilities. One suggestion is to examine whether oil and gas companies can take an approach towards oil and gas that in some ways mirrors their Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) policies. To better explain what I mean, let’s take a brief look at HSE.
The oil and gas industry always carries the dangers associated with dealing with a combustible element in extreme and often remote conditions. Add to those dangers the often unpredictable nature of sociopolitical events with the often inclement weather of drilling locations, and the very nature of finding, transporting and refining oil and natural gas becomes daunting.
Losing money by drilling into a dry well, while damaging to the revenue stream, appears less drastic when compared to the damages incurred on any one of the major disasters that occurred over the last 30 years. If something goes wrong in this industry it puts lives, local habitats and even global economies at risk.
That’s one of the key reasons why this industry has led the implementation of HSE as an organizational pillar that is universal in this sector. Few industries triage and escalate prospective HSE near misses for the purpose of predicting incidents with the same thoroughness as oil and gas companies. Fewer private sector companies promote the value of such seemingly innocuous acts as holding the handrails when climbing or descending stairs, or making sure to start each presentation with a safety slide describing the precautions or actions attendees must know about in the event of an emergency.
In oil and gas, cyber attacks have the risk of slowing, if not outright stopping, production. But because they also have the potential to become critical safety issues, cyber security should be addressed within this industry in a similar way as HSE. The ability to record, monitor, track and forecast cyber incidents and IT near-misses, regardless of how benign or innocuous sounding they are, should be tracked universally within this industry.
Only then can oil and gas companies begin to forecast their potential security issues and gaps, mitigating cyber attacks that do occur, and stopping others well before they can do any damage.
On May 29, 2009, the President of the United States gave a speech on securing our nation's
cyber infrastructure. Despite the fact that we were in the height the great recession at the time, the importance for cyber security prompted immediate attention and awareness by the Executive office.
When recounting, then recent attacks that led to the need to address cyber security, President Obama remarked, “In one brazen act last year, thieves used stolen credit card information to steal millions of dollars from 130 ATM machines in 49 cities around the world -- and they did it in just 30 minutes. A single employee of an American company was convicted of stealing intellectual property reportedly worth $400 million. It's been estimated that last year alone cyber criminals stole intellectual property from businesses worldwide worth up to $1 trillion.”Read More »
Cybersecurity is a gigantic topic. It’s more than just technology. It’s a careful mixture between art and science. Understanding the mechanics behind protecting, identifying and thwarting attacks, although crucial to the science of cybersecurity, represents only one side of the coin. Knowing your enemy, understanding the sociopolitical nuances of your environment, and predicting where you’re most likely to get attacked, that’s art.
Enveloping these two sides of the coin is your knowledge of your industry; not just the cogs you make and sell, but where you sell them, how you make them and how they’re used. All these input go into creating a sound cybersecurity infrastructure. These next several blogs are dedicated to understanding the industry aspect of cybersecurity, starting with a look at the oil and gas sector.Read More »
We are wrapping up October, which is National Cyber Security Awareness Month, so today I want to share the ways citizens can help to support and build greater cyber resiliency.
The purpose of National Cyber Security Awareness Month is to engage and educate public and private sector partners through events and initiatives with the goal of raising awareness about cyber security. According to the Department of Homeland Security, Cyber Awareness Month aims to increase the resiliency of the nation in the event of a cyber incident.
The role of citizens is growing by leaps and bounds as it relates to thwarting and potentially curbing cyber attacks. In my mind, this role can be bolstered by the following three actions.Read More »
A hybrid cloud is a consolidation of a private cloud and a public cloud. The reason for their growing popularity stems from their ability to offer multiple deployment models at once. Gartner predicts that globally, almost half of all large enterprises will have deployed hybrid clouds by the end of 2017. That means we are in a defining moment wherein companies will begin planning to move away from private into hybrid clouds.
The challenge, though, is how to interconnect multiple clouds to work as a seamless whole. You don’t want a cloud for e-mail, another one for content management and development, and yet another for collaboration; especially if the clouds lack the capability to interact with one another. More importantly, the complexity between hybrid clouds introduces a new paradigm of cybersecurity vulnerabilities. But with a careful implementation of standards concerning how to perform governance and implement IT systems to protect data, securing the hybrid cloud becomes possible.Read More »
Recently, Hold Security, a firm in Milwaukee, announced that a Russian crime ring had stolen 1.2 billion user credentials and 500 million e-mail addresses from 420,000 websites. According to an article by the New York Times, if true, the cyber-heist would be the largest in history.
Hold Security did not name the victims of the attack, citing nondisclosure agreements with victim companies.
In the face of attacks like this, it would be nice if Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) had a crystal ball to keep their networks safe. But that's not really necessary. Attacks like this are as defendable as they are inevitable with the use of emerging tools including threat intelligence and outcome-based cybersecurity.
Last week, we took a look at the current landscape of minorities in cybersecurity and IT with a particular emphasis on women in those fields. Both personally and professionally, I feel that diversity is an important aspect of an effective cybersecurity approach, and can help fill the gap managers have to meet the demands for more talented cyber-professionals in today’s IT environment.
A couple of years ago, Frost and Sullivan released a study that shows that information security discipline is not evolving fast enough:
“…women represent just 11% of this profession [IT Security]. Placed in the context of women in the general workforce and women in professional and managerial roles—where women are at near parity with men in both of these measurements in developed countries—this 11% is alarming.
Furthermore, this low percent of women in the information security profession has been stagnant despite double-digit annual increases in this profession. In 2012 alone, the global information security workforce grew by 306,000 and is on pace to increase by another 332,000 in 2013.”
One emotion few of my peers experience is the feeling of walking into a room and being the only woman - and it didn't matter whether I was visiting a Security Operations Center (SOC), attending a Chief Information Security Forum or meeting with Information Security leaders in various industries. Meeting after meeting and at all levels, I have concluded that the low numbers of women and minorities working within cybersecurity and across the IT discipline is a concern from a personal standpoint and a business risk that I feel few recognize.
The cybersecurity industry continues to grow at an incredible rate. A recent study by the organization Women in Cybersecurity found that security professionals worldwide are expected to increase to nearly 4.2 million by 2015. Although women hold 56 percent of all professional jobs in the U.S. workforce, only 25% of all IT jobs are held by women.
Last week, we talked about how cyber security is like Chess. In order to be effective, you have to prepare and anticipate your opponent’s moves and styles of attack before they happen. Today we will look at the other side of the cyber coin: attackers. What future capabilities do we think they will have, and what can we do to start preparing for them?
There are about three major capabilities that future Advanced Persistent Threats (APT) and attackers will have:Read More »
Cyber security is like Chess. You have to prepare and anticipate your opponent’s moves and styles of attack before they happen. The more moves and scenarios you can plan for in the future, the stronger your security will be, and the greater your chance of success.
Like Chess, effective cyber security is also about making assumptions on present trends and looking back at the past to anticipate the future. But unlike Chess, your tools and technologies constantly evolve for you and those seeking to harm your networks. In 20 years, a pawn will still be a pawn, but continuous monitoring or incident response will look and feel completely different. In some possible scenarios, they may not even exist anymore.Read More »
Whenever your kids go outside to play, it’s a great feeling to know that they are safe. Here at Lockheed Martin, we feel the same about your intellectual property (IP). Most enterprises work very hard to maintain the safety and integrity of their intellectual property. IP is the heart of every company. IP is the very data that makes each one of our organizations unique and valuable entities.
Even though most enterprises work hard to make sure their IP is protected, without careful consideration of the cyber ecosystem, this protection might only be halfway effective. Identifying threats is hard enough within the cyber walls of your corporate enterprise, but as you well know, your IP and your company’s data moves outside those walls all the time. Where it goes, who it interfaces with and what it interfaces with – that is what we mean by the cyber ecosystem.Read More »
One of the most common terms in any large organization is Risk Management. Risk Management has grown from a vertical role shared by multiple organizational executives into a separate horizontal practice in which a series of professionals can often dedicate entire careers. But what exactly is Risk Management? What is IT Risk Management? What is a Risk Management Framework? And why is it a vital component of an effective cyber security platform? For me, Risk Management is a rigorous business discipline that if applied and communicated correctly can ensure a business continues to achieve a strategy for profitable growth. It’s also the language of executives and one that cyber security executives should be extremely well versed in.
Originating as a business discipline, Risk Management is the process of understanding what could possibly impact your company in a negative way, and having an action plan for each possible threat. Risk Management is about mapping and understanding the likelihood of these financial threats to your organization in a manner that looks at probability and severity.Read More »
Imagine this scenario. You’re awoken late at night by phone call. You answer, but before you can say “hello” you hear a familiar voice, “We’re so sorry to call you this late but...we’ve detected a system-wide breach in our network.” I’m willing to bet most CISOs (Chief Information Security Officers) think about that happening in some way, shape, or form before going to bed at night. I know I have. And can you blame us? Just a couple of months ago a report from the Government Accountability Office on Information Security showed that the number of cyber incidents reported by all Federal Agencies rose this past year by over 10,000 incidents. That’s about a 35 percent increase in one year!
A system-wide breach can cost an organization millions of dollars in reparations and infrastructure-loss. Just as critical, a large breach can cost an organization even more in reputation. All too common, however, managers feel that simply having incident response (IR) services are enough to keep their organization from suffering a major attack.Read More »
Welcome to the new cyber blog! Every Monday, you can rely on this blog to give you detailed analysis and reporting about cyber security programs at Lockheed Martin. More than just news and more than just opinion, the blog is a thought-provoking examination of multiple levels of cyber security. And we'd welcome your feedback and suggestions as we forge ahead with this new endeavor.
For a little information about your host, for more than 25 years, I've been at the forefront of the information technology industry. Recently, as Lockheed Martin’s Chief Information Security Officer, I was responsible for information security strategy, policy, security engineering, operations and cyber threat detection and response. Currently, I lead Lockheed Martin's unique cyber security capabilities and associated portfolio of information technology solutions including Cloud, Big Data and Mobility for our commercial clients.
Few areas of technology change as aggressively or have as much impact as cyber security. Managing the risk of IT within an organization, therefore, often relies on a solid understanding of what cyber security is in the first place. How has it changed? And more importantly, where is it headed?Read More »
Chandra McMahon, Vice President, Commercial Markets
As Lockheed Martin's former Chief Information Security Officer, I now lead our team in delivering a portfolio of cybersecurity and information technology solutions and services for financial, utility, oil and gas, health and life sciences, telecommunications and high-technology customers.